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«European Journal of Psychological Studies» – international scientific Journal.

E-ISSN 2409-3297

Publication frequency – issued once a year.
Issued from 2014.

2 September 08, 2016


1. Georg W. Oesterdiekhoff
Foreword: History and Ontogeny

European Journal of Psychological Studies, 2016, Vol. (8), Is. 2, pp. 64-67.
DOI: 10.13187/ejps.2016.8.64CrossRef

Abstract:
James Frazer in 1927 and Hermann Schneider in 1909 predicted that developmental psychology might advance in the future as to become the fundamental theory to every human discipline and to the reconstruction of the history of mankind. Several breakthroughs, especially from 1900 to 1940, and again since 1980 up to now, prove of the early prognostications. Developmental psychology is the interdisciplinary theory to all kinds of humanities and social sciences, imparting to them those breakthroughs evolutionary theory brought to biology and quantum mechanics and relativity theory to physics. It is impossible to understand mankind´s history without the knowledge developmental psychology contributes.

URL: http://ejournal12.com/journals_n/1471877096.pdf
Number of views: 1741      Download in PDF


2. Georg W. Oesterdiekhoff
Developmental Psychology as Answer to the Question: Can the Human Disciplines Achieve Scientific Foundations Comparable to Biology in Consequence of Darwin, or to Physics in Consequence of Newton and Einstein?

European Journal of Psychological Studies, 2016, Vol. (8), Is. 2. pp. 68-107.
DOI: 10.13187/ejps.2016.8.68CrossRef

Abstract:
Every human discipline, including the social sciences, depends on a general theory of the human being. The article argues that developmental psychology is the most fundamental theory of the human being, more relevant than any other theory of the human being such as rational choice, behaviorism, psychoanalysis or whichever. The crucial role of developmental psychology both to the theory of the human being and to the humanities originates in the fact that the biggest part of the premodern humankind from the Stone Ages up to recent times occupied psychological stages typical for children aged 5 to 12, while only humans socialised in modern societies during the past few centuries or generations attained stages typical for the adolescent stage of formal operations. This process of psychogenetic advancement has by no means finished by now but is still running right across the globe, with backbenchers and frontrunners. Without this reference point the process of globalization, the problems of the developing and threshold countries, and the many cultural conflicts and crises are not explainable. Formerly great traditions of the humanities knew about the childish psyche of premodern or primitive man, especially between 1840 and 1940. Since the victory of the two main ideologies of our time, cultural relativism and universalism of mind, over the theory of developmentalism during the Seventies of the past century the knowlegde about the psychogenesis of humankind, accomplished by the prewar traditions, was almost totally lost. However, the two ideologies, born for political and not scientific reasons, have destroyed the foundations of the humanities right across the five continents and the disciplines. Their recovery is only possible by the installment of the theory of developmentalism as the fundamental theory of the human disciplines. It is necessary to restore the great prewar traditions and to improve them alike. This article shows that the structural-genetic theory programme, developed over the past 30 years, goes even beyond the fathers of developmentalism. It shows that developmental psychology explains the whole history of the humankind, the history of the human being, his mind and consciousness, the history of population, economy, society, politics, law, religion, philosophy, sciences, law, morals, violence, delinquency, manners, arts, literature, etc. Therefore, the new theory programme imparts to the human disciplines the fundamental theory evolutionary theory brought to biology, and quantum mechanics and relativity theory to physics.

URL: http://ejournal12.com/journals_n/1471877163.pdf
Number of views: 1741      Download in PDF


3. Christopher R. Hallpike
Primitive Concepts of the Natural World

European Journal of Psychological Studies, 2016, Vol. (8), Is. 2, pp. 108-119.
DOI: 10.13187/ejps.2016.8.108CrossRef

Abstract:
The paper begins by refuting the anthropological dogma that ‘collective representations’ cannot be explained by psychological analyses of individual thought processes. Collective representations can only be changed and transmitted by individuals, so their thinking and learning must be integrally related to the collective representations they produce and sustain. Piagetian developmental psychology gives a uniquely valuable insight into how we learn, especially its distinction between pre-operational, concrete-operational, and formal operational forms of thought. Ethnographic data is presented to show that much of the collective representations found in pre-literate, small-scale societies does not require more than pre-operational thought, in the areas of classification, number, space, time, and causality.

URL: http://ejournal12.com/journals_n/1471877242.pdf
Number of views: 1712      Download in PDF


4. Christopher R. Hallpike
Cognitive and Social Aspects of Moral Development

European Journal of Psychological Studies, 2016, Vol. (8), Is. 2, pp. 120-132.
DOI: 10.13187/ejps.2016.8.120CrossRef

Abstract:
Anthropologists have long recognized that there has been a development in moral thinking as societies increase in complexity from band societies to literate civilizations. The increasing range of moral concern, the development from shame to guilt, and the increasing importance of intention in assessing responsibility are examples. There are clear resemblances between these findings and Kohlberg’s stages of moral development, which have been validated cross-culturally. His stages of pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional thought providing important insights into the moral thinking characteristic of band societies, tribal societies, and literate civilizations. But it is also concluded that, especially at the more advanced stages of moral thinking, philosophical and religious beliefs about the world have a powerful influence on moral values that is distinct from cognitive development.

URL: http://ejournal12.com/journals_n/1471877330.pdf
Number of views: 1680      Download in PDF


5. Laura Ibarra García
Human Sacrifice Among the Aztecs: an Explanation from the Structures of Thought

European Journal of Psychological Studies, 2016, Vol. (8), Is. 2, pp. 133-144.
DOI: 10.13187/ejps.2016.8.133CrossRef

Abstract:
Human sacrifice among the Aztecs had an internal logic. This logic is the result of the extension and application of structures whose development began in the early stages of human ontogenesis. We can understand it by reconstructing this logic. The sacrifice ritual of men and women is linked to that structure by which every human being in his early biography established a relationship with the outside world: the structure of action. The category of causality that is formed in the ontogeny of any individual with the structure of the action remains closely tied to the interpretations of individual and collective reality. The sacrifice among the Aztecs can be understood if, four key moments derived from the logic of thought are analyzed: 1) Understanding the nature cycles, especially those where the sun ends its journey through the heavens or the fertility of the land must be renewed. 2) The perception of the qualities of the objects and the "magic" causality. 3) The specific way of understanding life and death in the strength of the origin and the opportunity to influence generative phenomena through death. 4) The difficulty in separating symbols from their meaning.

URL: http://ejournal12.com/journals_n/1471877390.pdf
Number of views: 1668      Download in PDF


6.
full number
URL: http://ejournal12.com/journals_n/1471877430.pdf
Number of views: 1833      Download in PDF





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